Course Content
Introduction
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Conditional Statements
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Looping and Iteration
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Data Types
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ABC of Programming

Conditional statements are used to control the flow of execution based on certain conditions. There are several types of conditional statements, including:

1. If statement: This statement is used to execute a block of code if a particular condition is true. The syntax of the if statement is as follows:

```if (condition) { // code to execute if condition is true } ```
2. If-else statement: This statement is used to execute one block of code if a condition is true, and another block of code if the condition is false. The syntax of the if-else statement is as follows:

```if (condition) { // code to execute if condition is true } else { // code to execute if condition is false } ```
3. If-else-if ladder: This statement is used when there are multiple conditions to be checked. The first condition that evaluates to true will execute its corresponding block of code, and the remaining conditions will be skipped. The syntax of the if-else-if ladder is as follows:

```if (condition1) { // code to execute if condition1 is true } else if (condition2) { // code to execute if condition2 is true } else if (condition3) { // code to execute if condition3 is true } else { // code to execute if none of the conditions are true } ```
4. Nested if statement: This statement is used when there is a need to check for a condition within another condition. The syntax of the nested if statement is as follows:

```if (condition1) { if (condition2) { // code to execute if both conditions are true } } ```

These conditional statements are essential tools for programming, and they help programmers to write efficient and effective code.

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